Full form of HIV/AIDS
What is HIV? Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Cause of HIV
AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, a virus that attacks the immune system and weakens its ability to fight infections and disease.
The CD4+ T-cells, which are cells that produce antibodies, are a major target of the HIV virus. In the early stage of infection, people may have no symptoms at all. As the virus continues to reproduce, the body’s natural defenses weaken resulting in opportunistic infections, tumors and diarrhea.
People affected by AIDS experience rapid weight loss and wasting, fever, fatigue, skin rashes, headaches, joint pain, swollen glands, coughing, muscle aches and pains, chills and night sweats. When the immune system becomes seriously impaired, HIV passes out of the bloodstream and infects certain types of white blood cells called macrophages.
Macrophages are a type of white blood cell that normally engulf and destroy bacteria, viruses and cellular debris. Once infected, these macrophages release their contents inside the body and eventually die off. These dead bodies also leave behind them the remnants of the virus. Since these macrophage cells are constantly being produced and dying, they are not replaced in time to eliminate the virus.
Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
Symptoms vary depending on how long the person has been diagnosed as having HIV. If someone has been diagnosed for less than six months, they may have flu-like symptoms such as sore throat, fever, cough, muscle ache, headache, nausea, rash, mouth sores, and swollen lymph nodes.
If the diagnosis was longer than six months ago, the person may exhibit symptoms associated with chronic viral infections including weakness, swollen glands, dizziness, shortness of breath, tiredness, or frequent colds.
Additionally, a person who has been diagnosed with HIV for several years will likely show symptoms of advanced AIDS including severe fevers, weight loss, persistent diarrhea, lack of appetite, extreme weakness, bruising easily and painful sores that do not heal.
Prevention of HIV
1. First & foremost, if someone is infected with HIV, then they should immediately start taking their medication, even if they don’t feel sick yet. If you’re a little late on treatment, then you shouldn’t worry about it. You should still try to take care of yourself and eat well, get plenty of rest, exercise, and drink enough water.
2. Everyone’s immune system is different, so how you react to HIV may vary. What works for you might not work for others. That’s okay! Don’t beat yourself up over what doesn’t help you. Try something else instead!
3. As long as you’re trying to do everything possible to stay healthy, there’s no need to panic or think bad thoughts about yourself. Take things day by day and don’t let anything push you off track.
4. There’s nothing wrong with talking to someone who’s been diagnosed with HIV about it. In fact, people have gotten a lot better after finding out they had it, so maybe it’s time for you to find some good friends who’ve been through similar experiences.
5. A great way to combat the symptoms of HIV/AIDS is to use home remedies. Herbs like turmeric, sage, ginger, oregano, basil, and garlic can really help to boost your immune system and fight any sicknesses you might have. Many herbs are natural disinfectants, so using them regularly at home can keep you healthier.
6. If you want to live a long and happy life, you’ll have to make sure that you have a strong immune system that fights off disease. A healthy diet, regular exercise, restful sleep, and positive thinking are all important factors in maintaining a strong immune system.
Prevention begins before a person contracts HIV. There are two ways to prevent getting HIV; one is through proper sex education and the other is by using condoms consistently. Condoms offer protection against the risk of transmitting HIV between sex partners. But using condoms alone cannot stop the transmission of HIV completely.
In order to help prevent HIV infection, condoms should be worn whenever possible. Also, abstinence from sex between two partners who are both positive or negative for HIV is the best way to avoid spreading the disease. If you are diagnosed with HIV, learn about treatment options and stay informed about your medication.
There is currently no cure for HIV, but scientists are working hard to find one. Scientists think that antiretroviral drugs work by preventing the virus from multiplying in the body. Currently, doctors prescribe anti-retroviral therapy to control the viral load and delay the onset of AIDS. They also help keep the virus under control.
Doctors use different kinds of drugs depending on the stage of the disease a person has. You are most likely to take antivirals if you test positive for HIV. Once you’re on the drugs, you will need to continue taking them indefinitely.