If you have just been diagnosed with HPV and would like some information about HPV, you’ve come to the right place! I have created this article to give you the latest information about HPV.
HPV stands for Human Papilloma Virus and it is a virus that causes genital warts. HPV occurs naturally in humans and spread mainly through sexual contact. The symptoms of HPV depend on the location where the virus affects and may appear only after weeks, months or years
Most people don’t even know much about HPV and what they can do to stop it before it spreads any further. If you want to learn more about HPV then read this article about HPV.
1. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a single-stranded DNA virus belonging to the Papovaviridae family. Its name comes from its first discovered example, human papilloma virus 16. There are more than 200 different strains of HPV that have been identified so far, and they affect both men and women.
A virus that causes cancer of the cervix, vagina, vulva, penis, anus, mouth, throat, oropharynx, esophagus, larynx, lungs, breast, bladder, kidney, prostate, testis, brain, spinal cord, eye, thyroid, and lymphatic system. HPV may also cause warts and genital ulcers.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a DNA virus that can infect humans causing a disease called cervical cancer. There are over 100 different types of HPV related to cervical cancer. Most people become infected with HPV between the ages of 15-25 years old (the average age at first sexual intercourse), and the risk of infection increases with number of sex partners
By age 50, 80% of women have been exposed to HPV type 16 or 18. If not treated, HPV infections often persist for 30+ years, making it difficult to predict the course a person’s illness might take. Cervical cancer is the third leading cause of death among women worldwide and the leading cause of death among young women in developing countries.
In 2012 there were 528,000 deaths from cervical cancer globally; 85% occurred in developing countries. Of the estimated 530,000 new cases reported worldwide each year, about 99% occur in developing countries. Worldwide, 12,800 women die daily from cervical cancer and almost two-thirds (63%) live in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
1. HPV vaccines are designed to protect teenagers and adults from certain strains of HPV that cause cervical cancer and genital warts. These vaccines do not prevent HIV/AIDS or any other sexually transmitted infections. Three doses of vaccine are recommended for girls and boys aged 11–12, 13–15, and 16–18 years old. Vaccination is recommended for both sexes regardless of previous vaccination status.
2. Condoms are the best way to prevent HPV. Studies show that condoms reduce the incidence of genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis. Condoms also decrease the occurrence of cervical dysplasia and cancers associated with HPV. However, condoms only partially block genital HPV exposure. Thus, prevention efforts should focus on reducing the frequency of unprotected vaginal and oral sex.
3. Treatment options include local treatments like laser therapy, cryotherapy, electrosurgery, podophyllotoxin solution, imiquimod cream, interferon alfa 2b gel, and surgical excision. Systemic therapies include methotrexate, retinoids, 5-fluorouracil, cimetidine, acyclovir, valacyclovir, and levamisole.
4. HPV vaccination can significantly lower the risks of contracting some forms of HPV and its associated cancers. More than 91 million men and women in more than 150 countries have received three doses of HPV vaccine. Preliminary data suggest that efficacy of the vaccine may last up to 10 years after vaccination.
5. Females diagnosed with HPV infection who receive treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN I or II) (precancerous changes) and those who undergo hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy (BSO) in order to remove their ovaries and fallopian tubes may be at higher risk of recurrence of HPV infection. Therefore, post-treatment monitoring will be required.
6. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine cervical cancer screening for women aged 21 – 29 years (including pregnant women since 2011) depending on the availability of services within the community and patient’s preferences. Screening includes a Pap test every 3 years, beginning at age 21 and continuing until age 65. For women aged 30 – 65 years, the preferred method of cervical cancer screening is a combination of Pap test once every 5 years and annual HPV DNA tests. All women older than 21 years should be screened annually for HPV infection.
So what does this mean for us? Well, if you’re already sexually active and haven’t been vaccinated, it’s time to get protected! If you’ve had sex and have never received any vaccinations, it’s still important to get immunized.
What is the vaccine?
The HPV vaccine was developed by Merck & Co., Inc. and GlaxoSmithKline PLC. The vaccine contains two different vaccines called Gardasil and Cervarix. Both vaccines prevent infections caused by HPV strains 16 and 18, which are the most common high-risk HPV strains associated with cancer.
Who should receive the vaccination?
Gardasil and Cervivax are recommended for females ages 9 to 26 years old. Both vaccines provide protection for 5 years after completion of the three-dose series.
How do I receive the vaccine?
There are four steps involved in receiving the HPV vaccine:
1. Maintain a history of regular sexual activity;
2. Have a blood test done before getting vaccinated;
3. Complete three full doses of both vaccines given at least 2 months apart; and
4. Get a booster dose 4 to 6 weeks after completing the first three doses.